How to Take Care of Succulents in Winter and Summer

Succulents are beloved for their hardiness and low-maintenance nature, but they still require special care during the extreme seasons of winter and summer. Understanding how to adjust your succulent care routine can ensure that your plants thrive year-round. Pay attention to your plants, and they will reward you with their resilience and charm.

Succulents

Winter Care for Succulents

Light and Temperature

During the winter, it's important to provide succulents with as much light as possible. Place them in south-facing windows to ensure they receive ample sunlight. If natural light is not enough, use grow lights to supplement. The best temperature range for succulents in winter is between (10°C to 15°C). Ensure that they are shielded from drafts and kept away from cold windowsills to avoid frost damage.

Watering

Succulents go into a dormant phase during winter, which means they need much less water. Overwatering during this time can cause root rot. Only water your succulents when the soil is completely dry, which could be as infrequent as once every 3-4 weeks. Make sure the pot has good drainage to prevent waterlogging.

Humidity

Succulents thrive in low humidity. Winter heating can dry the air, benefiting succulents. For humid homes, use a dehumidifier or place succulents in a lower humidity room.

Fertilizing

Do not fertilize succulents during winter as they do not need extra nutrients while dormant. Resume fertilization in spring when the growth cycle starts again.

Summer Care for Succulents

Light and Temperature

During the summer, succulents thrive in lots of sunlight. However, excessive direct sunlight, especially during the hottest part of the day, can lead to sunburn. It's important to gradually expose your succulents to more light and provide shade during peak hours if needed. The best temperatures for succulents in the summer range from 21°C to 29°C.

Watering

In summer, succulents need more frequent watering compared to winter. Make sure to water them thoroughly so that the water reaches the roots. Let the soil dry out completely between waterings to avoid root rot. Generally, watering once a week is enough, but this may change depending on the climate and the specific needs of the plants.

Humidity

In hot and dry summer conditions, succulents can benefit from occasional misting to increase humidity. However, be cautious not to overdo it, as consistently high humidity can lead to fungal issues.

Fertilizing

Summer is the growing season for most succulents, so light fertilization can promote healthy growth. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer diluted to half strength, and apply it once a month.

General Succulent Care Tips

Soil and Potting

Succulents thrive in well-draining soil. A cactus or succulent mix is ideal, as it prevents water from sitting in the soil. Ensure pots have drainage holes to allow excess water to escape, reducing the risk of root rot.

Pest Control

Succulents are susceptible to pests like mealybugs and aphids, especially in the summer. Regularly inspect your plants and promptly treat infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Pruning and Propagation

Remove any dead or damaged leaves to maintain the plant's health and appearance. Succulents can be easily propagated from leaves or cuttings, which makes it simple to expand your collection or share with friends.

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